Age brings some changes that may weaken your vision and eyes. We can maintain healthy eye care by taking certain steps such as using brighter lights around the house to avoid small accidents caused by weak eyesight, consulting your doctor more frequently to screen for age-related disease, however it is important to stay aware of age-related vision changes to keep our sight and health on track.
Understanding Age-related Vision Changes
Vision changes are common in everyone due to ageing, not everyone will experience the same symptoms. The below are the common age-related vision changes.
- Need for more light: As you age, you will need more light to see and to do your work.
- Difficulty reading and doing close work: Printed materials can become less clear, as your eye becomes less flexible over time as you grow older and makes it harder for your eyes to focus on the objects that are nearer.
- Problems with a glare. When driving, you may notice additional glare from headlights at night or sun reflecting off windshields during the day.
- Changes in colour perception. The normally clear lens located inside your eye may start to discolour and thus make it harder to see and distinguish between certain color shades.
- Reduced tear production. With age, the tear glands in your eyes will produce fewer tears and this is particularly true for women experiencing hormone changes. As a result, your eyes may feel dry and irritated.
Warning signs of Eye health
The risk for developing the number of eye and vision problems increases in the age group between 40 to 60. The following symptoms could be the early warning signs of serious eye problems:
- Fluctuating vision. Frequent changes in your vision can be a sign of diabetes or hypertension (high blood pressure). These chronic conditions can damage the small blood vessels within the retina.
- Seeing floaters and flashes: You may see spots or floaters in your eyes. In case you suddenly see more floaters than normal, along with bright, flashing lights, consult your eye doctor immediately as it could be a sign that you have a tear in your retina, and it could detach.
- Loss of side vision: Loss of side vision: Losing peripheral or side vision could also be a sign of glaucoma. Glaucoma occurs when the optic nerve is damaged and not transmits all visual images to the brain.
- Seeing distorted images. Straight lines that appear distorted/ wavy in the centre of your vision could be signs of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Regular eye examinations and early diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases can assist you to preserve good vision throughout your life.
How to counter these age-related vision changes?
After the age of 40, you may occur some changes in your focusing power that have been wither to see clearly for reading and other close vision tasks. Losing this focusing ability for near vision is called presbyopia, which occurs because the lens inside the eye becomes less flexible. There are several options to regain clear near vision such as
- Eyeglasses, including reading glasses, bifocals, and progressive lenses.
- Contact lenses, including monovision and multifocal lenses.
- Laser surgery and other refractive surgery procedures.
During these years, schedule a comprehensive eye examination with your doctor regularly or at least every two years to check for developing eye and vision problems. To regain vision with the help of our doctors can help you to have healthy eyes.